January 23 – This Day in History

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Today in History

Historic Events on this Day

THUNDER BAY – HISTORY – On January 23rd in 1973 United States President Richard M. Nixon declared the end to the War in Vietnam.

Millions of North Americans, on this day, were glued to the television sets watching the mini-series Roots.

Significant Events on this Day from Wikipedia

  • 393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year old son Honorius co-emperor.
  • 971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song dynasty troops.
  • 1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1546 – Having published nothing for eleven years, François Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
  • 1570 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.
  • 1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.
  • 1579 – The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
  • 1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
  • 1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1789 – Georgetown College, the first Catholic university in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
  • 1793 – Second Partition of Poland.
  • 1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States’ first female doctor.
  • 1855 – The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and tsunami leaves nine dead in New Zealand.
  • 1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, a crossing made today by the Hennepin Avenue Bridge.
  • 1870 – In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke’s Drift ends.
  • 1897 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1899 – The Malolos Constitution is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces ends in a British defeat.
  • 1904 – Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town inJugendstil style.
  • 1909 – RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.
  • 1912 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 1920 – The Netherlands refuses to surrender the exiled Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
  • 1937 – In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin’s regime and assassinate its leaders.
  • 1941 – Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Rabaul begins, the first fighting of the New Guinea campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: Troops of Montgomery’s Eighth Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German–Italian Panzer Army.
  • 1943 – World War II: Australian and American forces finally defeat the Japanese army in Papua.
  • 1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.
  • 1945 – World War II: German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
  • 1950 – The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
  • 1957 – American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the “Frisbee”.
  • 1958 – After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela.
  • 1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1961 – The Portuguese luxury cruise ship Santa Maria is hijacked by opponents of the Estado Novo regime with the intention of waging war until dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is overthrown.
  • 1963 – The Guinea-Bissau War of Independence officially begins when PAIGC guerrilla fighters attack the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
  • 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
  • 1967 – Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Côte d’Ivoire are established.
  • 1967 – Milton Keynes (England) is founded as a new town by Order in Council, with a planning brief to become a city of 250,000 people. Its initial designated area enclosed three existing towns and twenty one villages.
  • 1968 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated its territorial waters while spying.
  • 1973 – United States President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1973 – A volcanic eruption devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
  • 1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis andElvis Presley.
  • 1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
  • 1997 – Greek serial killer Antonis Daglis is sentenced to thirteen consecutive life sentences, plus 25 years for the serial slayings of three women and the attempted murder of six others.
  • 2001 – Five people attempt to set themselves on fire in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, an act that many people later claim is staged by the Communist Party of China to frame Falun Gong and thus escalate their persecution.
  • 2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in FBI custody.
  • 2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan and subsequently murdered.
  • 2003 – Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10.