Ten New National Historic Sites Designated – POW Camps in Northern Ontario Included in List

POW Camp at Red Rock via Library and Archives Canada THUNDER BAY – Peter Kent, Canada’s Environment Minister and Minister responsible for Parks Canada, today announced the designation of ten new national historic sites, persons, and events that define significant moments in Canada’s military history.

This announcement has significance for Northwestern Ontario. There are four of the sites which are located in our region:

  • Camp 100, Neys – built in Neys, and property is now within a provincial park (some built features can still be identified);
  • Camp 101, Angler Lake – built on the shore of Lake Superior (foundations and scattered items can still be found);
  • Camp R, Red Rock – built on the property of the former Lake Sulphite Pulp and Paper Company; and
  • Camp 21/E, Espanola – established at the old mill and company townsite.

The historic plaque in honour of this national designation is to be located in Neys Provincial Park, near the town of Marathon.

The Thunder Bay Military Museum has a model of the Angler Lake Camp, donated by Mr. Paul Mengelburg, a former detainee, who now lives in Longlac. The museum also has an extensive display of original artwork done by another PoW, during his interment at various camps across Canada, including the Red Rock Camp.

“From the Siege of Québec in 1759 to Canada’s contributions to the Allied effort during the Second World War, each of these designations represents a significant contribution to the development of Canada as a nation,” said Minister Kent. “Our national historic designations connect us to the cultural forces that made Canada what it is today. By understanding and appreciating our shared history and a sense of common purpose, we become a stronger Canada,” said Minister Kent.

The recognition of these historically important places, people, and events enhances our understanding of our history and speaks to the founding of our military institutions, the training of our forces, and early battles on Canadian soil. These new historical designations will be included in Canada’s family of national historic sites, persons, and events on the recommendation of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

“Canadians can rightly be proud of their military heritage,” said Peter Mackay, Minister of National Defence. “These designations show the significance of Canada’s military history, as well as the contributions and sacrifices of men and women, past and present.”

Today’s historical designations include Manitoba’s Camp Hughes, the Crow’s Nest Officer’s Club in St.John’s, Newfoundland, secret intelligence activities at Camp X in Whitby/Oshawa, Ontario, the Siege of the City of Québec in 1759, and the Battle of Sainte-Foy in 1760 in the City of Québec, Quebec. Canadian naval aviation during the Cold War, Canada’s Voluntary Aid Detachments, and the detention of Second World War military prisoners of war and enemy aliens sent from Great Britain are also recognized.

Established in 1919, and supported by Parks Canada, the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada advises Canada’s Environment Minister regarding the national historic significance of places, persons and events that have marked Canada’s history. Parks Canada manages a nation-wide network of national historic sites that make up a rich tapestry of Canada’s cultural heritage and which offers visitors the opportunity for real and inspiring discoveries.

In the photo: POW Camp at Red Rock via Library and Archives Canada – Courtesy of the Thunder Bay Museum